You should adjust your guitar saddle when the action of your guitar is too high or too low. The action is the distance between the strings and the frets. If the action is too high, the strings will be difficult to fret and you will likely experience buzzing. If the action is too low, the strings will be too close to the frets and you may experience fret buzz.
There are a few other reasons why you might want to adjust your guitar saddle, such as:
- To change the intonation of your guitar. The intonation is the accuracy of the tuning of your guitar along the entire length of the fretboard. If the intonation is off, your guitar will not sound in tune when you play certain chords or notes.
- To change the tone of your guitar. The saddle can have a subtle effect on the tone of your guitar. For example, a bone saddle will generally produce a brighter sound than a plastic saddle.
- To improve the playability of your guitar. If your guitar is difficult to play, adjusting the saddle may help.
If you are not sure whether or not you need to adjust your guitar saddle, it is always best to consult with a qualified guitar technician. They can assess the action and intonation of your guitar and recommend the best course of action.
Here are some tips for adjusting your guitar saddle:
- Use a hex wrench to adjust the saddle height screws. Turning the screws clockwise will raise the saddle and turning the screws counter-clockwise will lower the saddle.
- Make small adjustments and check the action and intonation of your guitar after each adjustment.
- It is important to adjust the saddle height screws evenly so that the saddle remains level.
- If you are not comfortable adjusting the saddle yourself, take your guitar to a qualified guitar technician.
Once you have adjusted the saddle, be sure to check the action and intonation of your guitar regularly. The action and intonation of your guitar can change over time due to factors such as humidity and temperature changes.